At the end of the course students should know:
- The role of endocrine factors during exercise adaptation, the physiological changes and the most common and important pathological modifications of these factors during lifetime;
- The main features of the different types of diabetes, exercise prescription in order to prevent and treat type 2 diabetes, alterations to exercise adaptation related to diabetes and its pharmacological treatment, adaptations required in subjects with type 1 diabetes before, during and after exercise;
- Pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome, how to prescribe physical activity in order to prevent and treat metabolic syndrome, physical exercise in the treatment of obesity;
- Main consequences on exercise performance of the most common endocrine disor-ders; Interactions between female reproductive function and exercise performance, effects on ex-ercise capacity of the main drugs used to modify physiological and pathological aspects of female reproductive function;
- Main characteristics of the polycystic ovary syndrome, changes in exercise capacity in women with this syndrome, physical activity in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome; Physical activity in the prevention and treatment of gestational diabetes.
The lectures will present selected topics of integrative physiology applied to exercise and sports. By focusing on specific aspects of human physiology and a quantitative approach the course aims at fostering the under-standing of the control mechanisms, the integrated function of organs and systems towards the maintenance of the body homeostasis. The course will focus on the acute responses to exercise and the adaptive responses to training in different subjects (sedentary, women, older adults, athletes) and ambient conditions (hypoxia, extreme temperatures).