Pubblicazioni

Human wild-type alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase and its naturally occurring G82E variant: functional properties and physiological implications  (2007)

Autori:
Cellini, Barbara; Bertoldi, Mariarita; Montioli, Riccardo; Paiardini, A.; Voltattorni, Carla
Titolo:
Human wild-type alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase and its naturally occurring G82E variant: functional properties and physiological implications
Anno:
2007
Tipologia prodotto:
Articolo in Rivista
Tipologia ANVUR:
Articolo su rivista
Lingua:
Inglese
Formato:
A Stampa
Referee:
Nome rivista:
Biochemical Journal
ISSN Rivista:
0264-6021
N° Volume:
408
Numero o Fascicolo:
1
Editore:
P. J. Parker
Intervallo pagine:
39-50
Parole chiave:
alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase; primary hyperoxaluria type I; pathogenic variant
Breve descrizione dei contenuti:
Human hepatic peroxisomal AGT (alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase) is a PLP (pyridoxal 5'-phosphate)-dependent enzyme whose deficiency causes primary hyperoxaluria Type I, a rare autosomal recessive disorder. To acquire experimental evidence for the physiological function of AGT, the K(eq),(overall) of the reaction, the steady-state kinetic parameters of the forward and reverse reactions, and the pre-steady-state kinetics of the half-reactions of the PLP form of AGT with L-alanine or glycine and the PMP (pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate) form with pyruvate or glyoxylate have been measured. The results indicate that the enzyme is highly specific for catalysing glyoxylate to glycine processing, thereby playing a key role in glyoxylate detoxification. Analysis of the reaction course also reveals that PMP remains bound to the enzyme during the catalytic cycle and that the AGT-PMP complex displays a reactivity towards oxo acids higher than that of apoAGT in the presence of PMP. These findings are tentatively related to possible subtle rearrangements at the active site also indicated by the putative binding mode of catalytic intermediates. Additionally, the catalytic and spectroscopic features of the naturally occurring G82E variant have been analysed. Although, like the wild-type, the G82E variant is able to bind 2 mol PLP/dimer, it exhibits a significant reduced affinity for PLP and even more for PMP compared with wild-type, and an altered conformational state of the bound PLP. The striking molecular defect of the mutant, consisting in the dramatic decrease of the overall catalytic activity (approximately 0.1% of that of normal AGT), appears to be related to the inability to undergo an efficient transaldimination of the PLP form of the enzyme with amino acids as well as an efficient conversion of AGT-PMP into AGT-PLP. Overall, careful biochemical analyses have allowed elucidation of the mechanism of action of AGT and the way in which the disease causing G82E mutation affects it.
Pagina Web:
https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20070637
Id prodotto:
38929
Handle IRIS:
11562/311322
depositato il:
22 ottobre 2013
ultima modifica:
4 dicembre 2019
Citazione bibliografica:
Cellini, Barbara; Bertoldi, Mariarita; Montioli, Riccardo; Paiardini, A.; Voltattorni, Carla, Human wild-type alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase and its naturally occurring G82E variant: functional properties and physiological implications «Biochemical Journal» , vol. 408 , n. 12007pp. 39-50

Consulta la scheda completa presente nel repository istituzionale della Ricerca di Ateneo IRIS

Progetti Collegati
Titolo Dipartimento Responsabili
<<indietro

Attività

Strutture